Traditional Dresses of Dimasa Tribe in Dimahasao, Assam: Rich Heritage of Rigu, Rikhaosa, Risa and Rajamphain.


The Dimasa tribe of Dimahasao, Assam, boasts a vibrant culture, and their traditional dresses are a reflection of their rich heritage. Their traditional dresses, meticulously woven on household handlooms, reflect the tribe’s deep-rooted traditions and artistic flair. The attire of Dimasa men and women holds a significant place in their festivals, marriages, and other joyous occasions.

In this blog, we will explore the unique and colourful traditional dresses of the Dimasa tribe, including Rigu, Rikhaosa Rimai, Rikhaosa Sada, Rajamphai, Risa Rimai, Risa Sada, and Risa Galao. Let’s dive into the fascinating world of Dimasa traditional clothing!

1. Rigu: The Graceful Women’s Wear

Rigu is a staple garment among Dimasa women, exuding elegance and charm. This ankle-length cloth is worn from the waist downwards and is meticulously handwoven by skilled Dimasa women. The cloth comes in a variety of colours, with common choices being vibrant shades of red, yellow, and white. At the bottom, you’ll find exquisite Rikhu motif designs that add an artistic touch to the attire.

2. Rikhaosa Rimai: The Splendor of Festive Celebrations

Rikhaosa Rimai is a piece of cloth that Dimasa women wear to cover their chests during special occasions like marriages and Bushu Dima festivities. This handwoven garment features attractive designs (rimai) horizontally on both ends of the cloth. It comes in various colours, with red, yellow, and green being the most prevalent hues. The use of Padmini cotton and cotton as the common fabrics ensures both comfort and style.

3. Rikhaosa Sada: The Subtle Elegance

Similar to Rikhaosa Rimai, Rikhaosa Sada is also worn by Dimasa women to cover their chests during festive events and casual occasions. The key difference lies in the absence of designs (rimai) on Rikhaosa Sada, distinguishing it from its counterpart. The cloth shares the same common colours and fabrics as Rikhaosa Rimai.

4. Rajamphai (Sada): A Timeless Classic

Rajamphai or chest wrapper is a graceful attire predominantly donned by elderly or married Dimasa women at any occasion. This white garment extends from the chest to the knees and is crafted from cotton yarns. Adorning the left end of the cloth is the traditional Rikhu design, adding a touch of tradition and cultural significance.

5. Rajamphain (Rimai): Colors of Celebration

Rajamphain (Rimai) is a variant of the Rajamphai chest wrapper, extending from the chest to the knees. It features a stunning combination of colours, including vast white and colorful stripes in yellow, orange, green, blue, black, red, and white. The left end of the cloth also displays the symbolic Rikhu design. Dimasa females of all ages wear this attire during joyous occasions like festivals, marriages, and dancing.

6. Risa Rimai: Men’s Elegance

Risa Rimai is a beautifully handwoven scarf-like cloth worn by Dimasa men during special events like marriages and Bushu Dima. Similar to Rikhaosa Rimai, it boasts horizontal designs (rimai) on both ends and comes in a range of colours, including red, yellow, and green, using Padmini cotton and cotton fabrics.

7. Risa Sada: Simplicity and Sophistication

Risa Sada is the counterpart of Risa Rimai, serving as a scarf-like cloth worn by Dimasa men on casual and festive occasions. Unlike Risa Rimai, this version lacks the horizontal designs (rimai), emphasizing simplicity while retaining elegance. The common colours and fabrics remain consistent with Risa Rimai.

8. Risa Galao: Men’s Casual Delight

Risa Galao is a short dhoti-style cloth worn by Dimasa men, reaching from the waist to the knees. The cloth features vertical Rikhu designs on both ends, adding a distinctive charm to the outfit. With its casual and festive appeal, Risa Galao is a popular choice among Dimasa men.


The traditional dresses of the Dimasa tribe in Dimahasao, Assam, are an embodiment of their cultural heritage and artistic prowess. From the graceful Rigu to the vibrant Rajamphain (Rimai), each attire represents the essence of Dimasa traditions and their love for colours and motifs. Whether it’s a joyous festival or a solemn marriage celebration, these unique garments continue to be an integral part of Dimasa culture, preserving their identity for generations to come.

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